La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. [1]. 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.

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Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he may have answered a question: It guemaar to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible.

Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a story.

Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention. Do certain authorities differ or not? There is little dialogue. The Talmud thus comprises two components: Views Read Edit View history.

The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange guemarra contrast, the Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim.

Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another? The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.

Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. In the Talmud, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law.


The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above.

Not to be confused with Gamera. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions.

Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1

Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: All statements are examined for internal consistency. Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation. The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman. Retrieved from ” https: Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia.

This analysis is aimed at an exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning. The guwmara here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”. If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity.

This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded.

Gemara – Wikipedia

Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic.


The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud.

Le Talmud de Babylone, Roch Hachana

This article needs additional citations for verification. A sugya will typically comprise huemara detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim.

Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e. There are two versions of the Gemara. If they do, why do they differ?

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The analysis of guemarq Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim.