Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba: le mouridisme, Touba et Diourbel, Sénégal. Responsibility: Alain Juillet. Imprint: [Senegal?]: Editions Alain Juillet, []. Physical. : Le mouridisme dans le web. 68K likes. L’actualité Autrement. Highlights info row image. people follow this. AboutSee All. Highlights info row image. Contact Le mouridisme on Messenger. Highlights info row image.

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Fonctions et activités des dahira mourides urbains (Sénégal). – Persée

Amadou Bamba was a Muslim mystic and ascetic marabouta spiritual leader who wrote tracts on meditationritualswork, and tafsir. Fall instituted the culture of work among Mourides with his concept of Dieuf Dieul”you reap what you sow”.

This charismatic relationship is reinforced and complemented by a parallel clientelistic relationship between marabout and follower. Amadou Bamba was buried in at the great mosque in Touba, the holy city of Mouridism and the heart of the Mouride movement. Senegalese politicians have courted the Mouride brotherhood since independence.

After universal suffrage was given inSenegal saw a rapid increase in the number of voters, almost triple the number just 10 years prior.

The methods used by the marabout have led to a constant depletion of the forests in Senegal and have taken much of the nutrients out of the soil. This article has multiple issues. Through migration, Senegalese Mourides have managed to effectuate a metamorphosis in the relation between work and prayer centered around one of their founding myths.

The caliph leader of the Mouride brotherhood is known as the Grand Marabout and has his seat in Touba. Several Baye Fall are talented musicians. Views Read Edit View history. Le lundi, ce monsieur est venu me voir et il me dit: The members of the Baye Fall dress in colorful ragged clothes, wear their hair in dreadlocks which are called ndiange “strong hair”which they decorate usually with homemade beads, wire or string.


Bamba, who had converted various kings and their followers, could probably have raised an army against the French had he wanted.

In modern times the hard labor is often replaced by members roaming the streets asking for financial donations for their marabout. Even before independence, French colonial administrators recognized that the Mouride brotherhood was well-respected among the Senegalese and partnered with them to promote political and social order.

Please discuss this mouridosme on the article’s talk page. Le miracle permet de personnaliser le rapport au mouridisme. There however remains a potential for ethnic and caste divides to enter the Senegalese socio-political organization.

In a charismatic relationship moufidisme of devotion and abnegation towards the marabouts can only explained because their talibes see them as intercessors or even moouridisme with god. Although recently Mourides have become more involved in the highest level of politics. For example, on the ship to Gabon, forbidden from praying, Bamba is said to have broken his leg-irons, leapt overboard into the ocean, and prayed on a prayer rug that miraculously appeared on the surface of the water.

The Mourides of Senegal: Baay Faalmany of whom substitute hard labor and dedication to their marabout for the usual Muslim pieties like salah and sawm.

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The most distinctive institutional expression of Mouride agro-religious innovation is the daara, an agricultural community of young men in the service of a marabout. Most of these cities with a large Senegalese immigrant population have a Keur Serigne Touba Residence of the Master of Toubaa seat for the community which accommodates meetings and prayers while also being used as a provisional residence for newcomers.

Sunni schools of law. Bythe French realized that Bamba was not waging war against them and was in fact quite cooperative. Archived from the original on Groundnuts are the third largest export from Senegal after fish and phosphates. This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.


Muslim Rastas in the Promised Land?

Les logiques de travail chez les Mourides

These collective farms were largely responsible for the expansion of peanut cultivation. Because of their emphasis on work, the Mouride brotherhood is economically well-established in parts of Africa, especially in Senegal and the Gambia. The members of all the Senegalese brotherhoods claim that their founders were such renewers.

Amadou Bamba finally decided that Fall should show his dedication to God purely through manual labor. After mouridisem years of dedicated work, laborers then received a share of land large estates were divided up among the laborers. However, Bamba’s exile fueled legends about his miraculous ability to survive torture, deprivation, and attempted executions, and thousands more flocked to his organization. After World War Ithe Mouride brotherhood was allowed to grow and in Bamba began work on the great mosque at Touba where he would be buried one year later.

Retrieved 6 November Sunni schools of theology Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: Notable early Notable modern Singers. Sunni schools of theology. The large share of the Mouride’s control over the groundnut production has placed them in the center of the nation’s economy.

What is more common is to see them exert their influence over their followers and use this in return to gain a larger presence in the Senegalese politics. Even taxi and bus drivers fill their vehicles with stickers, paintings and photos of the marabouts of their particular brotherhoods. Religious intineraries are constructed along these economic routes and vice-versa.

Common religious affiliation has played a role in defusing the potential for tensions that arise from other social cleavages. There is a descending hierarchy of lower-rank maraboutseach with a regional following.